Frequently Asked Questions


Spartan Traffic Services, a Trucking Transportation Broker, was founded in Southern California in 1989 and incorporated in 1997. Spartan Traffic’s purpose is to provide expert personalized services, by matching quality carriers, that fit the shipping communities needs thus providing a seamless shipping experience.


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How to Choose and How to Find Trucking Transportation Brokers

Trucking transportation brokers act as intermediaries between shipping companies and carriers. Shipping companies handle all aspects of shipping, while carriers handle all aspects of transporting the cargo. Trucking transportation brokers play a vital role in coordinating all activities between shippers and carriers. Without them, the shipping industry would not operate smoothly. Trucking transportation brokers can coordinate warehousing, hauling, scheduling of fleets, express services, freight of all kinds, rail lines, cartage, terminals, trailers, interstate hauling, bulk cargo, refrigerated cars, containers, couriers, dispatch, delivery, and distribution.

Whether you need to coordinate shipments nationally or internationally, trucking transportation brokers can help. In addition to coordinating trucking loads by road, trucking transportation brokers can coordinate transit shipments, consolidate shipping and other services. You should consider hiring a trucking transportation broker or company to keep the communications between your shipping company and your carrier running smoothly.

Choose a broker that specializes in the exact type of transportation service you need at a rate you can afford. Contact a trucking transportation broker after getting recommendations from others in the transportation industry. In your quest for the best trucking transportation broker with the best rates and service, shop around. Compare prices, services, and the friendliness of customer service. Make sure the broker has experience dealing with your industry and its demands. Remember that the right Trucking Transportation brokers are out there for you, doing the research is very important because you want to make sure you find the one that suits your needs and fulfills all your requirements.

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Getting Started

Shipping Hazardous

A substance or material that has been determined by the Department of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable is to health, safety and property when transported in commerce. A complete listing of hazardous material can be found in…

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Glossary Terms




Aggregate Shipments – numerous shipments from different shippers to one consignee that are consolidated and treated as a single consignment.

Agreed Weight – the weight prescribed by agreement between carrier and shipper for goods shipped in certain packages or in a certain number.



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Bill Of Landing – a commercial shipping document that serves three distinct purposes in connection with the carriage of goods. An itemized list of goods contained in a shipment. It is a receipt from your carrier for the goods, represents the contract for carriage and serves as a document of title.


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Caretaker – an individual accompanying a shipment requiring special attention while en route.

Cartage – freight hauling between locations in the same city, town, suburb, or local area.

Claim – a written demand made upon your carrier for a payment because of loss or damage alleged to have occurred while shipment was in our carriers possession. Demand of a refund due to overcharge.

COD – cash or check paid for goods at delivery, which may include the cost of shipping.

Commodity Rate – a rate applicable to an article described or named in the publication containing the rate.

Consignee – the person or organization to whom freight is shipped.

Consignee Marks – a symbol placed on packaged for export, generally consisting of a square, triangle, diamond, circle, cross, etc., with designation letter and/or numbers for the purpose of identification.

Contract Carriers – a company that engages in for hire transportation of property under an individual contract or agreement with one of a limited number of shippers.

Cubic Foot – 1,728 cubic inches.

Cubic Ton – 40 cubic feet.

Cubic Capacity – the carrying capacity of a truck according to measurement in cubic feet.

CWT – per hundred weight.


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Department of Transportation (DOT) – federal agency that regulates the highway transportation of freight including commodities designated as hazardous material



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End-of-line(EOL) – a terminal that receives inbound freight from the break bulk for delivery and sends outbound freight to the break-bulk that has been picked up.

E.P.A. – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, a federal agency that regulates hazardous substances in the environment.


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Freight All Kinds (FAK) – the abbreviation applied to a pooling of different commodities for simplification of rating or pricing.

Flat Bed – a semi trailer with no sides and with floor of unit a standard height from the ground.

Freight – merchandise hauled by a transportation line.

Freight Line Charge – the cost of transporting freight.

Freight Claim – a demand upon a freight brokers for the payment of overcharge or loss or damage sustained by the shipper or consignee.

Freight Forwarder – one who assembles small shipments into one large shipment that is then tendered to a regulated over-the-road carrier. Upon reaching destination, the shipment is separated into small shipments.



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G.B.L. – Government Bill of Lading.

Gross Ton – 2,240 pounds, commonly called a long ton.



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Hazard Class – numerical designation of the primary transportation hazard based upon the chemical and physical properties of the hazardous chemical. For example, the hazard class assigned to acetone is 3, which corresponds to a flammable liquid.

Hazardous Material (HM) – a substance or material that has been determined by the Department of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety and property when transported in commerce.



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Icing Charge – a charge made for icing perishable freight.

IMDG (International Maritime Dangerous Goods) – regulations that govern the transportation of hazardous material by water outside the territorial boundaries of the United States.

Initial Carrier – the transportation line to which a shipment is delivered by the shipper.

Initial Point – the point at which a shipment originates.

Interline Freight – freight moving from point of origin to destination over the lines of two or more transportation providers.

Intermediate Carrier – a transportation line over which a shipment moves but on which neither the point of origin nor destination is located.



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Joint Rate – a rate from a point located in one point located in one transportation line or a point located on another transportation line. A Joint rate is made by agreement or arrangement between the carriers and published in a single publication under the concurrence of all transportation lines involved.

Joint Routes – routes established by two or more carriers for the continuous through movement of traffic via their respective lines.

Joint Traffic – traffic moving between stations located on one transportation line and stations located on another transportation line.



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Labe, Hazard – a diamond shaped designation that has a unique pictorial symbol that describes each of nine hazard classes.

Lading – that which constitutes a load. The freight in a vehicle.

LTL (Less-than-Truckload) – a quantity of freight less than that required for the application of truckload rate.

Limited Quantity (LTD QTY) – is a hazardous material that due to the quantity of material and type of packaging container may be exempt form labeling requirements, if it is not classified as a 6.1 poison.

Loading – Furnishing to a carrier the Bill of Lading, forwarding directions, or other documents necessary for forwarding the shipment. Notification to carriers that the vehicle is loaded and ready for forwarding.

Local Reconsignment – is reconsignment within the local (direct) delivering area of the original destination terminal. Local deliveries are those points served direct and are within twenty-five (25) miles of the original destination point.



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Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) – an informational bulletin prepared by a manufacturer that identifies the chemical or trade name of the hazardous ingredients, the potential hazards associated with these chemicals, emergency first aid procedures associated with the overexposure to the chemicals, precautions for safe handling of the chemicals and procedures for cleanup and proper disposal of any material that has been spilled. An MSDS contains this information.



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OS&D (Over, Short and Damaged) – a term used to describe a shipment that has been damaged or lost in transit or that arrives with more containers than originally shipped.



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Perishable freight – freight subject to decay or deterioration.

Permits – authority or permit granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission to contract carriers by motor vehicle to operate in interstate commerce.

Pickup – service of a carrier in calling for and collecting freight to be transported over its line.

Prohibited Articles – articles that will not be handled.

Proof of Delivery – (also called P.O.D) the delivery receipt copy of freight bill by receiver at time of delivery.



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Reconsignment – a charge in the route made in a consignment before the arrival of the goods at their billed destination; or any change made in a consignment after the arrival of goods at their billed destination, when the change is made under conditions which make it subject to the reconsignment rules and charges of the carrier.

Reshipment – goods reshipped under conditions that do not make the act subject to the reconsignment rules and charges of the carrier.



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Semi-trailer – a vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon, or is carried by, a towing vehicle.

Statute of Limitation – a statement within the bill of lading contract that places a limit on the time in which claims are suit may be instituted.



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Third Party – a payer of the freight charges shown on the bill of lading that is neither the shipper nor consignee.

Through Rate – a rate applicable from a point of origin to destination. A through rate may be either a joint rate or a combination of two or more rates.

Trucking & Transportation –

  • Truckload and LTL shipping services
  • Air freight services
  • Transportation Broker Agent
  • Freight Trucking Services
  • routing, trucking and logistics
  • National Coverage map
  • Distribution Services
  • Warehousing and Logistics Services


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UN Number – a four-digit number assigned to hazardous material required by the DOT for highway transportation, by IMDG for water transit, and by ICAO for air. It is used to help designate the emergency response procedure in the event of a spill or release.

U.S. Mainland – the 48 contiguous states.



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Waybill – description of goods sent with a common carrier freight shipment (same as freight bill)